Adaptation and forage yield of Vetches (Vicia spp.) in the southern highlands of Ethiopia

  • Tekleyohannes Berhanu -
  • Mergia Abera -
Keywords: adaptation, forage yield, Vetches, Vicia species, Southern Ethiopia

Abstract

Aim. To study the adaptation of vetch species and the level of their forage yield in the highlands of the region. Methods. Field and laboratory methods, statistical analysis. Results. The study was conducted in Bulle and Chencha districts of Southern region of Ethiopia with the objective to identify adaptable and high forage yield- ing vetch species for the high lands of the region. Five vetch species (Vicia sativa L., V. dasycarpa Ten., V. atropurpurea Desf., V. villosa Roth. and V. benghalensis L.) were tested at both locations for two years. The result showed that there was signifi cant variation in dry matter yield of the tested species in the two locations. Vetches planted at Bulle performed well when compared with Chencha area with mean DM yield of 5.3 and 1.2 t/ha, respectively. Among the vetch species, Vicia sativa, Vicia villosa, Vicia dasycarpa, and Vicia bengalensis adapted well at Bulle and produced on average 4 to 7 t/ha forage DM. In Chencha area, V. dasycarpa and V. villosa were the best performing species with forage DM yield of 1.6-1.8 t/ha. Conclusions. The vetch species tested in the current study could be used for conventional pasture and forage production, in livestock exclu- sion areas, in forage strips, as an under-sowing with food crops, or as a backyard forage crop in the southern highlands of Ethiopia.
Published
2017-04-15
How to Cite
Berhanu, T., & Abera, M. (2017). Adaptation and forage yield of Vetches (Vicia spp.) in the southern highlands of Ethiopia. Agricultural Science and Practice, 4(1), 46-49. https://doi.org/10.15407/agrisp4.01.046