Hematological changes and resistance of erythrocytes of crimean horses in response to 32 km races

  • A. Andriichuk -
  • H. Tkachenko -
  • I. Tkachova -
Keywords: endurance ride, endurance horses, hematological parameters, resistance of erythrocytes, exercise

Abstract

Aim. The aim of the present study was to investigate the alterations of some hematological parameters (hae- matocrit (HCT), haemoglobin concentration (HGB), the count of red blood cells (RBC), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), red cell distribution width (RDW), as well as resistance of erythrocytes to urea and hydrogen peroxide in horses after 32 km endurance race. Methods. Seven horses from Crimea region (Bilohirsk, Crimean region) were involved in this study. Haematological parameters (haematocrit (HCT), haemoglobin concentration (HGB), the count of red blood cells (RBC), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), red cell distribution width (RDW)) were determined with use of hematological and biochemical methods. Blood samples have been investigated by centrifugation at 3,000 g for 15 min. The peroxide and osmotic resistance of erythrocytes were determined spectrophoto- metrically at 540 nm by monitoring the rate of erythrocytes disintegration by hydrogen peroxide. Endurance h orses used in this study are trained and conditioned to perform over long distances at moderate speeds. The prolonged exercises were used in endurance race. The walk about 3 km/h for 20 min, the trot about 7 km/h for 15 min, and the canter about 5 km/h for 15 min) and the walk about 1 km were repeated for 1 h (phase I); rest in an outdoor paddock without access to water for 30 min. And phase II: the walk about 3 km/h for 20 min, the trot about 7 km/h for 15 min, and the canter about 5 km/h for 15 min) and the walk about 1 km was repeated for 1 h. Results. The results of the present study showed that adequate endurance race of low intensity could im- prove oxygen-dependent respiratory function in horses from Crimean region. Furthermore, the non-signifi cant increase of red blood cells indices in endurance horses indicate about good athletic level after 32 km endur- ance ride. Statistically signifi cant differences in the percentage of hemolyzed erythrocytes between pre- and post-ride period were observed and thereby signifying an oxidative stress-dependent impairment of erythrocyte stability. Conclusions. The haematological changes caused by various physical efforts refl ect changes in the functions of different systems and can be used for health control and diagnosis of diseases. It also allow the evaluating the level of sport performance, the accuracy of training, and physiological condition of horses.
Published
2016-04-15
How to Cite
Andriichuk, A., Tkachenko, H., & Tkachova, I. (2016). Hematological changes and resistance of erythrocytes of crimean horses in response to 32 km races. Agricultural Science and Practice, 3(1), 66-72. https://doi.org/10.15407/agrisp3.01.066