First detection of porcine circovirus type 3 in Ukraine
Keywords: DNA, polymerase chain reaction, porcine circovirus type 3
AbstractTo date, there is no information regarding the occurrence of porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV-3) in pigs in Ukraine. Aim. The aim of this work was to study the probable occurrence of the little-studied PCV-3 in pigs with different health status in Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kyiv, and Kharkiv regions of Ukraine. Methods. Blood, semen, liver, spleen, lung samples and nasal swabs of sows and boars of different ages and with different health status, belonging to farms from Dnipro, Donetsk, Kyiv, and Kharkiv regions of Ukraine, were used for the study. PCV-3 genomic material was detected by the standard polymerase chain reaction using specific primers, flanking a fragment of the rep gene of the virus with the length of 418 bp. To visualize the amplicons, horizontal gel electrophoresis was used and ethidium bromide staining after electrophoresis, followed by photographing the gels using Image Lab 5.2.1 software. Results. DNA of PCV-3 was found in two liver samples and four nasal swabs in two different farms, obtained from clinically healthy pigs, which suggests the possibility of the circulation of this infectious agent at the subclinical level of infection at the farm under investigation. No PCV-3 coinfection with the causative agents of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), Aujeszky’s disease, PCV-2, and mycoplasmas was found at this farm. Conclusions. Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV-3) – (a little-studied causative agent of swine disease) was detected in 6 out of 61 samples, originating from two farms in the Kyiv and Kharkiv regions, obtained from clinically healthy animals) for the first time in Ukraine. This indicates possible circulation of the pathogen among pig farms in Ukraine and demonstrates the need to create and implement a target risk analysis, an extensive survey, as well as to develop control measures of the disease spreading (both organizational and technical preventive). Molecular genetic surveying and subsequent monitoring of PCV-3 among domestic and wild animals, which can cross the borders, will give a possibility to determine the risks of its spreading and related economic and epidemiological consequences. The whole-genome DNA sequencing of the detected virus isolates is planned to determine the relation of Ukrainian strains of the virus to other strains circulating in Europe and other parts of the world. Better understanding the risks, epidemiology and pathology, associated with this new virus for the Ukrainian pig breeding industry, will help to prevent and control its further spread and harmful effects.
How to Cite
Rudova, N., Lymanska, O., Stegniy, B., Bolotin, V., Solodiankin, O., & Gerilovych, A. (2021). First detection of porcine circovirus type 3 in Ukraine. Agricultural Science and Practice, 8(2), 16-23. https://doi.org/10.15407/agrisp8.02.016
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