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https://doi.org/10.15407/agrisp5.03.060
STRATEGIES OF DECREASING HARMFULNESS OF FUSARIOSIS AGENTS IN AGROPHYTOCENOSES
V. V. Schwartau 1 , O. L. Zozulia 2 , L. M. Mykhalska 1 , O. Yu. Sanin 1

1 The Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, NAS of Ukraine 31/17, Vasylkivska Str., Kyiv-22, 03022 Ukraine
2 Syngenta LLC 120/4, Kozatska Str., Kyiv-40, 03040 Ukraine

*e-mail:

Received September 22, 2018 / Received October 16, 2018 / Accepted November 21, 2018
Abstract
Infections of cultivated plants, transmitted by fusariosis agents, are among the most harmful factors for humans in grain production. Thus, there is an obvious need for effective control over harmfulness of fusariosis agents in agrophytocenoses. Summarizing scientifi c data on the issues of forming the strategy of decreasing harmfulness of fusariosis agents in agrocenoses. The major factors of decreasing the level of infecting cereal crops with fusarioses are genetic improvement of plants via selection of species and hybrids, resistant to infections, agrotechnical means and chemical control using modern fungicides with a high level of inhibiting the development of the agent during the whole growing season. The main attention should be paid to controlling the presence and prevalence of infections of plants by such species as F. graminearum, F. pseudograminearum, F. sporotrichioides, F. langsethiae, F. poae, F. avenaceum and F. verticillioides, producing deoxynivalenol, nivalenol, T2- and HT2-toxins, moniliformin, and fumonisins, dangerous for vertebrates. Effective control over fusariosis agents in agrophytocenoses may be achieved via the introduction of resistant species and hybrids, restoration of crop rotations, required agrotechnical means and application of effi cient fungicides. Summarizing the works in investigating fundamental and applied problems of fusarioses of cultivated crops is important for the organization of the effective system of mycotoxicological monitoring of cereals in Ukraine.
Key words: fusariosis, Fusarium, mycotoxins, fungicides, agrophytocenoses.
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