online ISSN:2312-3389 print ISSN:2312-3370 DOI:10.15407/agrisp


Archive of Agricultural Science and Practice Journal issues

List of all issues / Content of issue 2018-3 / Abstract & References of Article 5
I. O. Romanchuk, A.V. Minorova, N.L. Krushelnytska

Institute of Food Resources, NAAS 4a, Yevhena Sverstiuka Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 02002


Received on July 09, 2018 / Received September 17, 2018 / Accepted November 21, 2018
Aim. To investigate the composition and properties of the samples of cheese and acid milk whey, obtained in industrial conditions using a combination of nanofi ltration and electrodialysis methods. Methods. Determi- nation of physical-chemical indices using standard methods, study of functional-technological properties of demineralized whey by common methods. Results. It was established that there was high effi ciency of apply- ing membrane methods for processing of secondary resources in current conditions of raw materials source, which are presented by different kinds of milk whey, formed during cheese production. It was determined that processing of different kinds of whey using the combination of nanofi ltration and electrodialysis methods led to a considerable decrease in the content of ash compared to the initial whey. The level of demineraliza- tion of cheese whey may amount to 90 %, that of acid whey – 75 %. In addition to dry kinds of whey, liquid demineralized whey is of some interest for practical application, which may be used during the production of sour-milk and milk-containing drinks due to a high content of dry substances. It was found that the increase in protein content in dry demineralized whey, obtained using the complex of membrane methods of processing, led to a considerable increase in its foam-forming, moisture-retaining, fat-retaining and emulsifying abilities compared to milk whey, obtained by a traditional technology. Conclusions. It was established that dry demin- eralized whey, obtained by a combination of nanofi ltration and electrodialysis methods, had better organoleptic and physical-chemical indices compared to dry whey. The investigated industrial samples were remarkable for improved functional and technological properties which allows using them in the formulations of other food products.
Key words: nanofi ltration, electrodialysis, combined membrane methods, physical-chemical indices, deminer- alization level, dry demineralized whey, functional-technological properties.

1. Kuzyakov Y, Gavrichkova O. Time lag between pho- tosynthesis and carbon dioxide effl ux from soil: a re- view of mechanisms and controls. Glob. Change Biol. 2010;16(12):3386-406. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010. 02179.x
2. Kudeyarov VN, Biel K, Blagodatsky SA, Semenov VM, Dem'yanova EG, Dorodnikov MV. Fertilizing effect of the increasing CO 2 concentration in the atmosphere. Euras. Soil Sci. 2006;39(l):6-14. doi: 10.1134/s1064229- 306130035.
3. Lawlor DW, Mitchell RAC. The effects of increasing CO 2 on crop photosynthesis and productivity: a review of fi eld studies. Plant Cell Environ. 1991;14(8):807-18.
4. Scholes MC, Powlson D, Tian G. Input control of organic matter dynamics. Geoderma. 1997;79(1-4):25-47. doi. org/10.1016/S0016-7061(97)00037-2
5. McGrath J.M., Lobell D.B. Regional disparities in the CO 2 fertilization effect and implications for crop yields. Environ. Res. Lett. 2013;8:9. (doi:10.1088/1748- 9326/8/1/014054).
6. Lenka NK, Lal R. Soil-related constraints to the carbon dioxide fertilization effect. Critic. Rev. Plant Sci. 2012; 31:342-57.
7. Avksentiev AA, Deviatova TA. Emission of greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide), released due to microbiological processes in soils of forest and forest- steppe landscapes. Sostoyanie i problemy ekosistem srednerusskoi lesostepi. Voronezh, 2008; (21);156-7. (in Russian)
8. Zaehle S, Dalmonech D. Carbon-nitrogen interactions on land at global scales: current understanding in mo- delling climate biosphere feedbacks. Curr. Opin. Envi- ron. Sustain., 2011;3(5):311-20. doi: 10.1016/ 2011.08.008.
9. Kudeyarov VN. Nitrogen cycle and production of nitrogen oxide. Pochvovedenie, 1999;(8):988-98. (in Russian)
10. Sokolov AP, Kicklighter DW, Melillo JM, Felzer BS, Chlosser CS, Cronin TW. Consequences of considering carbon-nitrogen interactions on the feedbacks between climate and the terrestrial carbon cycle. J. Clim., 2008;21(15):3776-96.
11. Chumak VS, Tsyliuryk OI, Fedorenko IYe. Accumulation of afterharvest-roots remains and performance of crop rotations in conditions of the northern Steppe. Bulletin of the Institute of Grain Farming. 2005;(26-27):24-8. (in Ukrainian)
12. Ivoylov AV, Shilnikov IA, Shchelkunova AA. Removal of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium with crops of grain-weeding crop rotation. Agrokhimia, 1990;(1):26-32. (in Russian)
13. Tarariko OH, Lapa MA, Tarariko YuO, Pyrozhenko HS, Vydrin YuV. Norms of soil-protecting contour-meliorative systems of agriculture. K.: Urozhai, 1998:158 p. (in Ukrai- nian).
14. Dospekhov BA. Method of fi eld experiment (with fundamentals of statistical processing of research results). M.: Ahropromizdat, 1985:351 p. (in Russian)
15. Dehodiuk SE, Litvinova OA, Kyrychenko AV. Balance of nutrients at long-term application of fertilizers in grain-weeding. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky, 2014;(7):16-9.
16. Hospodarenko GM, Cherno OD. Balance of basic nut- rients at the long-term application of fertilizers. In- terbranch. themat. scient. coll. "Zemlerobstvo". 2015; 2:47-50.